A Complete Blood Count Test (CBC), What is it and Why is it essential?

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(Newswire.net — April 16, 2018) — In the healthcare industry today, a test that is frequently conducted by medical professionals is the complete blood count (CBC) test. It shows the levels of cellular components of blood. Generally done using machines built to analyze all the essential elements of blood. Mainly concentrating on the count of RBC (Red Blood cells), WBC or white blood cells, platelet count, Hemoglobin (Hbg), Hematocrit (Hct), Mean corpuscular volume (MCV), Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), and more.

Why It Is Important.

If one wants to know how healthy their body is, then an analysis of their blood provides all the details they need to be aware of. A blood test can give us insights about nutritional, vitamin deficiencies, levels of blood sugar and other important hormones. Although it can reveal a lot about our health, a CBC is not supposed to be done in place of a proper diagnosis for a particular condition one is suffering from.

Listed below are some tests conducted as part of a series of blood tests.

Complete Blood Count: CBC blood test is a measure of the number of white and red blood cells, along with hematocrit, hemoglobin, and other important components of blood. Levels crossing a range that is considered normal can be an indication of an infection, cancer, anemia and an immune system disorder.

Clotting Factor: At times, blood clots can be life-threatening and even cause death in certain cases, this test is done to determine if the clotting of blood is normal. If there is a lower or higher number than that which is normal, more testing will be done by doctors or the prescription may change. Abnormal clotting can result in excessive loss of blood and cause death.

Lipid Profile Test: This is a test conducted to get a precise measure of levels of fat in blood or your cholesterol levels. Further divided into triglycerides, HDL or the good cholesterol, and the bad cholesterol or LDL. Results from lipid profile test will help determine how healthy your cardiovascular system is.

Metabolic Panel: Any diseases or problems associated with muscles can be diagnosed accurately by undergoing a metabolic panel test. Muscles like the kidney, heart, or liver and their function. Other blood tests that can be done to check for kidney function are creatinine levels and BUN or blood urea nitrogen.

Blood Glucose: In order to test glucose levels doctors will ask the patient to fast for 9-12 hours before the tests are conducted, many times fasting is requested for the measurement of lipoprotein. The levels of glucose in the blood will help diagnose conditions such as diabetes.

Blood tests can also help determine cancers that are related to blood, which are also known as hematological cancers. Lower levels of WBC can be an indication of malignancy of blood or even the bone marrow. Abnormal levels aren’t immediately diagnosed, Doctors usually advise patients to get tests done several times to be sure of the disease the individual is suffering from.