Types of Pneumatic Conveying Systems

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(Newswire.net — April 13, 2021) — Pneumatic conveying systems are a convenient and easy way to carry dry materials in bulk from the source point to the destination point. These systems can be set up quickly and can even be customized to meet the specific needs of a business or situation. 

Also, these systems are easy to maintain and highly cost-effective both in terms of setup and maintenance when compared to a traditional mechanical system. This is why more companies today prefer to have pneumatic conveying systems over traditional ones.

Types of Pneumatic Conveying Systems

Broadly speaking, there are three types of pneumatic conveying systems and they are:

  • Dense Phase Pneumatic Conveying System
  • Semi-dense Phase Pneumatic Conveying System
  • Dilute Phase Pneumatic Conveying System

Let’s take a detailed look into each of these system types to help you decide on the appropriate one for your business.

Dense Phase Pneumatic Conveying System

These systems are the best choice for conveying abrasive or friable material, regardless of whether the transfer rate is high or low.

This system is preferred because it is a relatively low-speed system that ensures that particles are not suspended in the air stream. It also means that there is less wear and tear on the systems and the materials, as the velocity is typically between 400 feet per minute to 1,000 feet per minute. 

This system also works best for hygroscopic materials like sand, sugar, and carbon prill.

Semi-dense Phase Pneumatic Conveying System

As you may have guessed, a semi-dense phase pneumatic conveying system is ideal for transferring materials at a medium rate, typically between 1,500 to 3,500 feet per minute. 

In fact, it is an intermediary between the dense and dilute phases and works well for materials that are less abrasive and have relatively less particle degradation. It works well for products that are moderately abrasive or friable and those that are in an aeratable state. Some examples of products that are ideal for semi-dense phase pneumatic conveying systems are cement and ash.

Dilute Phase Pneumatic Conveying System

The dilute phase conveying systems are well-suited for non-abrasive and non-fragile materials that typically have a light density. Some batching systems are also a good choice for this type of system. 

These are high-velocity systems where the material gets suspended in the air and is sucked or blown through the pipeline at the rate of 5,000 to 8,000 feet per minute. Some materials that would work well for these systems are flour and cornstarch. 

So, depending on the materials and their density, you can choose the type of pneumatic system that will be ideal for your business. But sometimes, off-the-shelf equipment may not work and if that’s the case, you can always customize them to fit your specific business requirements.

Overall, these pneumatic conveying systems are a good choice for moving dry materials in bulk and can be a cost-effective option as well. The different types and their further customization add to your flexibility and adaptability.